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Social Psychology

Index of Social Psychology pages

The results of Social Psychology research and experiments arranged by Henri Tajfel, Muzafer Sherif, Solomon Asch and others have proven that people, alongside many behaviors we would all, no doubt, applaud, also tend to exhibit some rather perplexing tendencies in group situations!!!

Conformity under Social Pressure
Solomon Asch
The Robbers Cave Experiment
Muzafer Sherif et al
Minimal Group Paradigm Study
Two experiments by Henri Tajfel & colleagues
Social Identity Theory
Tajfel and Turner 1979
Group / Selective Perception
Hastorf & Cantril
Festinger and Carlsmith
Cognitive Dissonance
case study
Henri Tajfel
Social Psychologist - biography
Intergroup Discrimination
Henri Tajfel
Henri Tajfel
discrimination between groups study
"Mankind are so much the same, in all times and places, that history informs us of nothing new or strange in this particular. Its chief use is only to discover the constant and universal principles of human nature."
David Hume

Human Being seems
to be rather "Tripartite"

Diagram suggesting that Human Nature demonstrates a Spiritual, Materialistic and Tribal or Group-related 'Tripartism'
Several, authoritative key insights,
(from the Great Faiths, Plato, Socrates, Pythagoras, and Shakespeare!!!),
are available on this site that give convincing support to such a "Tripartite" view of Human Nature!!!


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Ralph Waldo Emerson wrote that:-

"...man is a bundle of relations, a knot of roots,
whose flower and fruitage is the world..."


~ Should this be true it would surely follow that Human Societies often tend to arise out of the Human Condition as directly influenced by Human Nature!

"Non-Doctrinaire" Human Societies often
seem to be rather "Tripartite"

Diagram suggesting that Human Societies often demonstrate capacities for Spiritual, Materialistic and Tribal / Ethnic 'Tripartism'

"Whatever concept one may hold, from a metaphysical point of view, concerning the freedom of the will, certainly its appearances, which are human actions, like every other natural event, are determined by universal laws. However obscure their causes, history, which is concerned with narrating these appearances, permits us to hope that if we attend to the play of freedom of the human will in the large, we may be able to discern a regular movement in it, and that what seems complex and chaotic in the single individual may be seen from the standpoint of the human race as a whole to be a steady and progressive though slow evolution of its original endowment."
Immanuel Kant
Idea for a Universal History from a Cosmopolitan Point of View (1784)

Or to quote Emerson, from his famous Essay ~ History more fully:-

"In old Rome the public roads beginning at the Forum proceeded north, south, east, west, to the centre of every province of the empire, making each market-town of Persia, Spain, and Britain pervious to the soldiers of the capital: so out of the human heart go, as it were, highways to the heart of every object in nature, to reduce it under the dominion of man. A man is a bundle of relations, a knot of roots, whose flower and fruitage is the world. His faculties refer to natures out of him, and predict the world he is to inhabit, as the fins of the fish foreshow that water exists, or the wings of an eagle in the egg presuppose air. He cannot live without a world."



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"There is one mind common to all individual men....
....Of the works of this mind history is the record. Man is explicable by nothing less than all his history. All the facts of history pre-exist as laws. Each law in turn is made by circumstances predominant. The creation of a thousand forests is in one acorn, and Egypt, Greece, Rome, Gaul, Britain, America, lie folded already in the first man. Epoch after epoch, camp, kingdom, empire, republic, democracy, are merely the application of this manifold spirit to the manifold world."


From Ralph Waldo Emerson's Essay ~ History



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picture of We have prepared some fairly detailed, but hopefully "truth-full, informative, and ~ given the extent of the subject ~ brief", pages about a most deeply revealing episode in European History!!!

The events of 1848 display the existence and latent power of many societal pressures which have subsequently fully contributed to the "Emergence of Modernity" in the Western world.
Prior to 1848 the existence of these societal pressures was often unsuspected or ignored, - their latent power was certainly vastly unappreciated.


The European Revolutions of 1848